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CBD for Dogs

Notes form this evenings free workshop!

CBD for dogs

Thanks for joining us! If you missed the class or were simply listening intently and wish to have the notes, here they are below!

CBD For Dogs   9/25/18 notes/handouts
 
I. Types of Cannabis
Indica, Sativa, Ruderalis
Hemp is from the Sativa Family and a cousin to Marijuana
CBD (cannabidiol “canna -bid-dye-all”) is a compound found in cannabis.
The CBD found in most pet supplements is sourced from hemp.
Hemp is a variety of the cannabis plant.
Hemp is not the same as marijuana.
Hemp has very low levels of tetra-hydro-cannabinol (THC) if any,
whereas marijuana has very high levels of THC .
Hemp is higher in CBD, the substance that actually provides the therapeutic effects.
The THC is what produces psychoactive effects.
CBD for pets should have 0.3% or less THC and will produce no psychoactive effects.
Bottom line: CBD products will not get your pet stoned.

II. THC VS. CBD
It’s important to understand the differences between these active compounds:
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—This is the compound found in higher concentrations in some varieties of cannabis oil—the one famous for its psychoactive properties. THC affects the brain’s perceptions of pleasure, thinking, coordination, movement, memory, time and sensory perception—the typical “high” people think about with marijuana use.
Cannabidiol (CBD)—CBD, found in higher concentrations in hemp oil and some versions of cannabis oil, is a very different chemical compound that actually blocks the psychoactive effects of THC and has a wide variety of therapeutic uses.



III. Treating 5 Common Conditions With CBD Oil
CBD can help with many specific conditions.

Even if your dog’s ailment isn’t listed here, CBD still might be beneficial.

#1 Relieving Pain and Inflammation
Relieving pain and inflammation is the most popular benefit of CBD for dogs.
Pain can be a symptom of many types of health conditions.
While inflammation is part of the healing process, it can increase pain or discomfort.
Studies show that CBD can suppress and even interrupt the pain signals in your dog’s brain.
This can help alleviate both acute and chronic pain.
CBD not not only interrupts those pain signals, it can also reduce the inflammation that causes the pain in the first place.
CBD oil can help with pain associated with:
·         Arthritis
·         Hip dysplasia
·         Cancer
·         Sprains and strains
·         Torn ligaments
·         Recovery from surgery
·         Lupus
Very few side effects have been reported with CBD (most side effects are mainly due to sensitivities). Studies show that replacing  conventional NSAID meds with CBD oil is much safer for your dog.

#2a Cancer: symptoms and nausea
Cancer can be painful for your dog. The treatments can cause painful side effects.
When it comes to the symptoms of cancer and tumors, CBD helps.
Not only does it help relieve the pain and inflammation,
CBD can also help with nausea and vomiting as well.
These are common side effects of cancer treatments.
There’s lots of evidence showing that CBD is a great antiemetic.
An antiemetic is basically a medicine for nausea.
An example would be a motion sickness medicine you buy at the drug store.
They are effective when dealing with nausea and vomiting.
#2b Cancer
What about beyond the symptoms? What are the cancer studies revealing?
Some studies have concluded that CBD can help slow the growth of tumors.
Another study also shows that cancer cells can become more sensitive to treatment because of CBD. Thus far:
It appears that CBD helps the immune system to kill cancer cells
It appears that CBD blocks the cancer cells ability to produce energy
It appears that CBD contains anti-tumor properties
Time and more research will tell…stay tuned.

#3 Anxiety and Stress
CBD can help produce anti-anxiety effects.
Researchers haven’t quite figured out why yet, but it’s believed that serotonin levels play a role in helping reduce anxiety and that when the endocannabinoid receptors get CBD more serotonin is released or the uptake is in habited…this is one area still undergoing study.

#4 Obesity Issues
Many dogs are overweight and it’s very unhealthy for them.
Many more chronic ailments arise from obesity than anorexia.
CBD is not a fat burning supplement for dogs.
However, research shows that CBD can help promote weight loss and control appetite.
Researchers have found that CBD can help break down fat in an indirect way.
CBD can also be beneficial in getting your dog moving more.
Overweight dogs with joint pain are less likely to want to go on a walk.
The pain relief and anti-inflammatory properties of CBD may be what’s helping them lose the weight, but it’s working and can help your dog be more active.

#5 Skin Conditions
A dog who’s licking and scratching himself all the time either have problems when they come into contact with an allergen/intollerance (either from the inside or the environment) or they have a chronic disease like atopic dermatitis. Some diseases result in open sores without scratching like lupus or Alopecia X.
There are various treatments currently available, but most skin issues are difficult to resolve.
Besides finding and treating the root of the problem, the best thing is to heal the affected skin simultaneously.
Traditional treatments like corticosteroids can be effective in managing skin conditions topically, but these steroids have some nasty side effects and if treat a skin condition for an entire life, this is not a good option.
Studies have concluded that CBD can help relieve itchy and dry skin.
It can also promote the growth of healthy skin.
Because CBD is very well tolerated, it can be a better long-term option in treating your dog’s ongoing skin problems.
Researchers have said that CBD could be a key ingredient in future skin medications.
What’s great about the pet products available right now is that you can buy balms and sprays, not only oil. You can apply these products right on the problem areas.


IV. So How does CBD Work?
Endocannabinoid receptors

Dogs have the same endocannabinoid system (ECS) as humans.
This system is made up of a bunch of receptors.
Your dog has two types of receptors in his body:
CB1 receptors – located in the brain, nervous system, glands and organs
CB2 receptors – located in the regulatory cells of the immune system
CBD works by targeting ECS receptors, restoring balance when things are out of whack.
That’s why it’s so good for so many different ailments.

CBD influences a huge array of physiological and neurological processes by binding to endogenous cannabinoid receptors in the mammalian central nervous system.  (yes , dogs are mammals too)
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a widespread neuromodulatory system that plays important roles in central nervous system (CNS) development, synaptic plasticity, and the response to endogenous and environmental insults.
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is comprised of cannabinoid receptors, endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), and the enzymes responsible for the synthesis and degradation of the endocannabinoids. The most abundant cannabinoid receptor is the CB1 & CB2 cannabinoid receptors.
By manipulating receptors in the CNS, cannabidiol can play a key role in
·        reducing inflammation,
·        alleviating chronic pain,
·        reducing the viability of tumor cells,
·        minimizing symptoms of anxiety/depression,
·        and reducing the severity of seizures.

V. How to Find  Good CBD
When it comes to any kind of supplement, quality matters.
Make sure the company has posted independent lab results.
GOOD COMPNAIES will share their lab results which verify the ingredients in their products AND BOST ABOUT THEIR CERTIFICATE OF ANALYSIS
This is a good sign.
Good quality CBD oil is going to be more expensive than lower quality.
You get what you pay for.
Here are some questions to ask:
Is it organic? High quality CBD oils are made from organically-grown hemp using a pharmaceutical grade ethanol to process the plant. This grain alcohol removes toxins from the plant safely.
How is it processed? Currently, there are no regulations on the manufacturing of CBD oil which means that some companies selling it cheaply may use cheap methods when extracting it from the plant. Hexane and butane are two such solvents that are petroleum based products not fit for consumption and can be toxic.
*The best extraction method is supercritical CO2 extraction. (hi pressure , low temp)
This is the most expensive extraction method and one that mycotoxins cannot survive, producing a non-toxic, pure, natural, non-flammable product with a cleaner taste,

Is it independently tested? Independent lab results and a certificate of analysis should be easy to access from the company’s website.
What’s the THC count? Some companies make CBD oils from biproducts of the marijuana plant. It should be zero to less than .03% THC.
These are important questions to ask because low-quality CBD oil may not give the same benefits and some can even have psychedelic ingredients.

VI. Dosing: there are no set dosage scales
Start with a lower potency and lower dose so you can see how your dog reacts.
A products number doesn’t always reflect the mg’s of CBD in the bottle.

As a general guideline  give 0.2 mg of CBD/lb

Layman’s terms: 1-2 mg of CBD for 5-10 lb dog
Up to 10 mg for a 50lb dog
*this guideline refers to the amount of CBD, so you’ll need to read the label to see how much CBD is in the dropper or the bottle of product you’ve selected

FYI Most droppers dispense 1 ml of oil


VII. Hemp Oil vs. Cannabis Oil  
As science continues to discover more cannabis oil benefits and hemp oil benefits, many people are still confused by the differences between the two oils. Although they are essentially cousins, they have significant differences in use and benefits:
1. CANNABIS PLANTS VS. HEMP PLANTS
Both hemp and cannabis are varieties of the same species, cannabis sativa. But while hemp grows tall, fibrous stalks and requires little growing space, cannabis plants are shorter, leafier and require more space. Hemp oil is taken mainly from the seeds of the plant, while cannabis oil comes from the stalks, leaves and flowers of the plant. Each plant is cultivated, harvested and processed differently to accentuate different properties and active compounds.
 
3. CANNABIS OIL BENEFITS AND USES
Cannabis oil containing only negligible or no THC content is being used successfully and scientifically studied for several medical and therapeutic applications, including:
  • Helping cancer patients manage nausea
  • Improving appetite in AIDS patients
  • Reducing stress and anxiety
  • Treating depression
  • Calming other mental health conditions
  • Treating epilepsy and other seizure disorders
  • Anti-inflammatory therapies
  • Reversing alcoholism-associated brain damage

The key is to make sure to use a good quality cannabis oil with a certified level of CBD and negligible THC to avoid unwanted side effects.



4. HEMP OIL BENEFITS AND USES- not refined to concentrate the CBD
Hemp seed oil has high concentrations of Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, polyunsaturated fats, vitamin E,  magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, calcium and phosphorus. Great for nutritional and topical application, some hemp oil benefits include:
  • Balancing female hormones during menopause
  • Moderating blood sugar
  • Soothing skin with psoriasis
  • Lowering bad cholesterol
  • Boosting immunity
  • Protecting the nervous system

Sources:
Medical News Today
HHS Public Access
FDA News Release
National Library of Medicine
Journal of Experimental Medicine



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